HISTORICAL BACKGROUND

It was on August 3, 1786, at 5:00 PM, when the group of Datu Oguid Pagsuguiron from Borneo landed at Calawgan Creek (now Poblacion Sur).  The following day, Datu Oguid together with his two sons and five men went to the foot of the tallest mountain to survey a settlement site and find a place ideal for dwelling.  They packed all their belongings for the next day’s journey.  At dawn of August 6, 1786, the group walked to the foot of the highest mountain bringing with them their breeding animals, variety of vegetable seeds and their personal belongings.

          On August 8, 1786, Datu Oguid called all male settlers to survey the land to be tilled and  planted  with  different grains, vegetables  and root  crops from lowland to upland areas.

In the morning of May 2, 1826 Datu Oguid called for a meeting to plan a celebration to give thanks to God for all the blessings they received after decades of safe, progressive and harmonious relationship in his community away from his cruel brother in-law the Sultan of Borneo and the Muslim pirates invasions.

During that meeting, they agreed to construct a church with a 20 x 10 x 4 yards dimension, with thatched palm leaf roofing and wooden slab walls.  When the construction of the church was completed on October 28, 1826 Datu Oguid made a visit to Gov. Barboza and Fr. Islao at the Parish of Barbaza requesting to hold a mass, christen and solemnize marriages on their newly completed church at Barangay Oguid at the foot of the tallest mountain near the second river from Barbaza town.

          On November 1, 1826 at the Vesperas, the big wooden Cruz was erected atop the mountain as per instruction of the Governor (where Mt. Cruz got its name) and the thanksgiving mass was held the following day – November 2.  After the mass, there were revelries, games and sumptuous food and drinks served. During the merrymaking, Gov. Barboza delivered his message praising Datu Oguid Pagsuguiron and gave orders in Spanish language which was interpreted by Jose Tabuyan Modesto in local dialect to wit:

  1. That Datu Oguid Pagsuguiron will be called Datu Oguid Pagsuguiron Amar     due to his sense  of amiability,  courteousness  being  a  good  provider and a

good leader.

  1. That  the  barrio will be named  Amar-Paris  because  many  pairs  of  lovers

which  were  married, solemnized  and  the  residents of the community were christened.

  1. That  as  a  directive  that  the  Barrio  Site  will  be  transferred  to  lowland

preferably near the sea to be accessible to other towns.

          Inspired by the messages and directive of the Governor and without hesitation, Datu Oguid stood up and accepted all the orders.

          It was on November 6, 1828when Datu Oguid Pagsuguiron Amar chose five men to go downhill to survey the proposed town site between the middle of the two creeks, Calawgan and Palaypay. Juan Amar Sarcino drafted the new towns site (the present town site of the municipality) including the location  of church,   convent,   plaza,  the   street  formation  and   the   residential    areas.

On November 10, 1828, Datu Oguid ordered to clean the area from creek to creek and the clearing job was done after three days.  On November 13, all dried shrubs were burned to clear the area. On the 14th  of  November,  the  site  intended  for  the  church  and  the  convent was laid-out.

Trees were cut on November 17-21, to provide construction materials for the church and the convent.  Logs were hauled from the hilltop to the construction site on 28th and 29thOn December 1, 1828 the materials needed for the posts were prepared.  Two days later, the 24 church  posts were erected and the work was completed

The construction of the 20 x 10 x 8 yard convent started on December 15, and ended on December 19 leaving the work on the roofing, waiting for the shipments of construction materials, purchased in Iloilo and loaded on a Vinta.  To make travel  easier the footbridge at Palaypay Creek was constructed on December 22–28, and the Calawgan wooden bridge on January 5, 1829.

On January 15-21 of the same year the Cemetery was built between Calawgan and Sawang Creeks. Datu Oguid P. Amar called then for a meeting on January 22 requesting Gov. Barboza and Fr. Islao of Barbaza for a permanent parish priest which, was written in Spanish language as suggested by Juan Amar Sarcino.

          Juan Amar Sarcino together with eight other men made representations to Gov. Barboza and Fr. Islao on January 23, 1829.  However the request was denied since it is only the Bishop of Cebu who can grant the said request.

          In a meeting convened on January 24, 1829 Datu Oguid selected an eight-member delegation as representative to the Bishop of Cebu.  It was Basilio Dumala-og who headed the delegation with the members to wit: Vinda, Juan, Zus, Sitoy, Julian, Mariano and Amboy.  The delegation left the following day passing mountain ranges of Leon and reaching Iloilo town proper at 4:30 PM on January 31, 1829.  From Iloilo they rode on a Paraw and reached Cebu on February 1, 1829 at 12:00 o’clock midnight.  In the morning of the next day, they made an audience with the Bishop of Cebu. The Bishop granted the request and assigned Fr. Eulogio Cardones of Manduriao, Iloilo as the assigned priest of Oguid’s town.  Mission fulfilled the group returned home on February 3, 1829, 12:00 midnight.

          After 10 days and five hours of a successful journey the delegation returned home with Fr. Cardones.  They immediately called for a meeting and henceforth to hold the thanksgiving mass – a town fiesta.  The first of which was held on March 18-20, 1829.

ORIGIN OF THE TOWN’S NAME

During the Spanish times, Spanish soldiers happened to see group of natives picking up shells locally known as “Kuhol” in the muddy fields of Hatayhatay.  They asked the natives what was the name of the municipality while pointing to the vast expanse of land in the municipality which, is covered with tall grasses locally known as “TIGBAO”.  The natives misconstrued the question and believing that the Spaniards are asking for the name of the tall grasses thus, quickly answered, “Tigbao”.  Since then, they started calling the place Tigbao but due to the difficulty in pronouncing the word they changed it to TIBIAO by which name the municipality is known up to the present.

PHYSICAL FEATURES

GEOGRAPHIC LOCATION AND PHYSICAL SUBDIVISIONS

Tibiao is an agricultural fourth class municipality located in the northern part of Antique. It lies 122 degrees, 03 minutes, 03 seconds East Longitude and 11 degrees, 18 minutes, 00 seconds North Latitude.  The municipality is 75 kilometers north of San Jose de Buenavista – the capital town of the province of Antique and it is 73 kilometers from the northernmost municipality of Libertad.  It is bounded on the south by the Municipality of Barbaza and on the north by the Municipality of Culasi; on the east by the mountain ranges of Madalag, Aklan and Jamindan, Capiz and on the west by Cuyo East Pass of the Sulu Sea.  It is composed of an island popularly known as Seco Island and 21 barangays:   Eight (8) are classified as upland, 8 upland-lowland and the rest as lowland. Moreover, four (4) of its lowland barangays and four (4) upland-lowland barangays are considered also as coastal.

Based on the cadastral survey conducted by the Community Environment and Natural Resources Office, Culasi, Antique, the municipality has a total land area of 17,742.1179 hectares.

CLIMATE

The climate of the entire municipality based on the distribution of rainfall is Type III.  The seasons are not very pronounced but are relatively dry from November to April and wet during the rest of the year.

TOPOGRAPHY AND SLOPE

The topography of Tibiao varies from very steep hills and mountains to moderate steep to slightly rolling hills to almost flat or gradually inclined plains. 

2,180.0620 hectares  –  are almost flat plains with 0-3% slope or 3 meters high;

14,384.9921 hectares –  are very steep hills and mountainous

1,177.0638 hectares   –  gently sloping to undulating lands

SOIL

Based on genetic and morphological characteristics, there are five (5) different types of soil in the municipality, to wit:

  1. Umingan Sandy loam
  2. San Manuel Loam
  3. Alimodian Sandy Clay
  4. Beach Sand, and
  5. Mountain Soils (undifferentiated)

Generally, Tibiao’s soil is predominantly of loam classification in its lowland which is suitable for rice and other crops.

HYDROLOGY

Tibiao River is the principal source of water for irrigation in the mountains and in lowland areas and the other source is from Dalanas River of Barbaza.  A number of creeks, brooks, and waterfalls have supported some of its watershed areas

LAND CLASSIFICATION

As per records of Community Environment & Natural Resources Office, Culasi, Antique about 60.01% of the land area of Tibiao is classified as forest land.  Alienable and Disposable land accounted 38.01% and the remaining area is covered by rivers, creeks and roads.

LAND CLASSIFICATION STATUS BY BARANGAY, TIBIAO